9 Best Historical Sites of the Capital of Morocco

the capital of morocco
city of rabat

Rabat is an Arab city and the capital of morocco it is the most important Moroccan city at all levels, whether it is economic, cultural, historical, or even in terms of its strategic location.

Rabat city the capital of morocco

The city of Rabat is an Arab city and the capital of the Moroccan state. It is located on a vast plain on the Atlantic coast, with a total area of ​​about 118 km² and a height of 135 m.

It was founded by the Almohads in the middle of the twelfth century, where Ya`qub Al-Mansour is the real founder of the city, while its construction was completed in The era of Abi Youssef Al-Mansour, including the gates and the fence, and Rabat is considered a cultural capital, as it was chosen in 2013 as the second best tourist destination. and the Mohammedia School of Engineers, as well as in the city of Rabat, the largest theatre in the State of Morocco is the Mohammed V Theatre

A brief history of the city of Rabat

The city of Rabat was the seat of the Andalusians who were expelled from Spain at successive intervals between the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The first waves of immigrants arrived in 1239 AD, which included immigrants from different parts of Andalusia in addition to immigrants from Valencia, and the last wave of immigrants included thousands of Moriscos who were expelled by Philip III in 1609 AD and resided in the Kasbah of the Oueds area and established the city of rabat.

Some Moroccan families still carry Andalusian origins such as Melin, a family of Umayyad origin, and the Al-Afrij ibn Amr family, which is of Ansar origin.

The most important monuments in the city of Rabat

Kasbah of the Udayas

It is a fortified castle that was built during the Almohad era by the Almoravids to fight against Barghoutian tribes. Then the Almoravids took it as a headquarters to launch their attacks against the Spaniards.

This site is characterized by historical and civilizational importance, The Kasbah consists of historical buildings and an ancient door that is considered one of the monuments of the Almohads, in addition to the presence of a mosque in it, the Emiri Palace and the Rashidiya walls.

shawl

It was deserted until the tenth century AD until the Almoravids took it as a headquarters for the attack on the Barghawata tribes, and in 1284 AD, Sultan Abu Yusuf Yaqoub used it as a cemetery to bury kings, princes and notables of Bani Marin. Al-Shalah area with a pentagonal wall with twenty towers and three gates.

Inside the site, four architectural groups were built that embody the greatness of the cemetery of Shalleh, including four parallel halls with a semi-circular domed bathroom located on the southeast side, and in the western corner are the remains of the battle, which includes a mosque And a school and a number of domes.

The Almohad wall

This wall extends from the western side to the south of the city of Rabat, with a length of 2263 m, a height of ten meters and a width of two and a half meters. This wall contains five huge gates in addition to seventy-four towers.

Sultan’s house

It is a cave located in the southern part of Rabat on the Atlantic coast, It consists of several layers dating back to the Upper Stone Age and the Aterian period. The cave has great historical importance. In 1975 AD, the remains of a human skull dating back to the Aterian period were found.

Hassan Tower

It is one of the historical buildings in the city of Riyadh that was built by Ya`qub Al-Mansour Al-Muwahidi, It was one of the largest and largest mosques in Morocco, reaching a height of 180 m and a width of 140 m. After his death, the mosque was demolished by earthquakes, while its remains bear witness to its enormity, The Hassan Tower is part of the Koutoubia Hermitage in Marrakech.

Al Rawazi Skhirat

It is an archaeological cemetery located a kilometre from the Moroccan capital, Rabat. It dates back to the Neolithic era. It was discovered in 1980 AD. Excavations that took place in it in 1982 AD indicated the presence of archaeological evidence dating back to the Neolithic period, in addition to the presence of human remains, decorative pots and ivory ornaments.

Ancient City

One of the most important Moroccan cities of interest to visitors to Morocco, with a total area of about fifty hectares, comprises three corridors: the Souk al-Sbat corridor, which is parallel to the Andalusian wall, the Sidi Fateh corridor leading to Lalou Street, and the corridor leading to the Kasbah. On the sides of these lanes, there are shops for displaying goods and merchandise.

Archaeological Museum

It is one of the most important museums in Morocco. It is located in the Rabat region, where it contains artefacts, especially those that were found in Leila, the site, Banassa, and Tamosida, The museum contains many artefacts that show Moroccan history in the prehistoric period, including the Islamic period, including Roman bronze and alabaster collections, ancient human tools and others.

The museum also includes many famous bronze paintings, including a bronze plate belonging to the head of King Juba II. The museum includes Two halls: The first hall was devoted to organizing temporary exhibitions on Moroccan history, while the second hall was dedicated to displaying prehistoric civilizations.

Andalusian Gardens

It is one of the most beautiful natural places in the city of Rabat and is characterized by its charm and green spaces on the shore of the Atlantic Ocean.

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