City of Agadir
Agadir morocco is one of the beautiful sites that are characterized by the spread of farms and orchards, producing many types of fruits and vegetables, which contributed to making it one of the modern Moroccan cities that contain many modern manifestations, such as gardens, hotels, and beautiful squares that helped to become Agadir A tourist city that forms a point where the tourist routes of southern Morocco meet.
The Moroccan city of Agadir is a city located in the central-western side of the Kingdom of Morocco, near the extension of the Atlas Mountains, and shares a border with the Atlantic Ocean from the western side, while on the eastern side it is bordered by the Taroudant region, and from the north, it is bordered by the city of Essaouira and shares a southern border with the province of Tiznit.
Agadir City History
The historical references to the name of the city of Agadir in the Berber language indicate that it has Phoenician origins, meaning the collective storehouse or the horse, as a result of the Phoenicians and Carthaginians’ settlement in the city of Agadir with the aim of taking advantage of its strategic location near the sea, as European maps in the fifteenth and fourteenth centuries indicated to The site of Agadir, its international fame began when a Portuguese noble lived there in 1505 AD and used the city as a center for trade and fishing.
The Portuguese noble abandoned his property in the city of Agadir in 1513 AD and granted it to the King of Portugal, who was keen to increase the area of its port and establish a garrison within an area known as Saint Cruz de Cap de Guy. And in the year 1541 AD, Agadir returned again to Morocco in the era of the Saadian dynasty during the rule of its founder Muhammad al-Sheikh, and later his son founded the Kasbah overlooking the ocean waters.
The economy of the city of Agadir began to decline in the second part of the eighteenth century AD, especially with the transformation of its port activities to the city of Essaouira (Mogador), and in the year 1911 AD, Agadir suffered from a conflict between the French occupation, which was preparing to occupy Moroccan lands, and the German occupation, which sent its barge known as the Tiger. To the port of Agadi, in order to provide protection for its inhabitants, this led to the encouragement of France to consolidate its control over the city of Agadir in 1913 AD.
Touristical monuments in Agadir
Spread in the city of Agadir, a group of tourist attractions that characterize the city, the most important of which are:
- The Kasbah: It is one of the famous tourist sites in the city of Agadir, and it is located inside an old neighborhood on a high hill. Many of the landmarks of the city of Agadir, and many tourists are currently visiting it in order to see its Arab architecture and its view of all parts of Agadir.
- Souss Massa: It is a national park that dates back to 1991 AD. It is located in the southern side of the city of Agadir. It is home to several types of birds, numbering about 200, and inhabited by endangered species of butterflies, and many mammals and reptiles.
- Souk al-Ahad: It is one of the important markets that reflects the nature of Moroccan culture. It is also considered one of the most important markets in the city of Agadir. It contains many local Moroccan products and handicrafts that illustrate the nature of traditions in Agadir and Morocco.
- Lamedina de Agadir: It is a city that represents the traditional form of the Moroccan village, and its construction relied on the traditional old building tools and materials used locally, and at the present time tourists visit it to watch it and shop from the small shops scattered there.
- Amazigh Heritage Museum: It is a museum that provides information about Amazigh heritage arts. It contains traditional clothes, jewelry, pottery tools, architecture, carpets, and Berber musical instruments, all dating back to the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries AD.
- Bird Garden: It is one of the important tourist attractions in Agadir, and contains many types of birds and other animals, such as: kangaroos, llamas, deer, and parrots.
- Tafraout: It is a village located among a group of mountain landmarks that are distinguished by its varied rocks between orange and pink colors. The village of Tafraout is one of the important tourist sites in the city of Agadir, where it is visited by many tourists who want to learn about the nature of the Moroccan countryside, and Tafraout is located in the southeast. Agadir city.
Culture in the city of Agadir
The nature of culture in the city of Agadir reflects many aspects, including:
- Festivals, Agadir is distinguished by a number of festivals, including:
Timitar Festival: It is one of the Moroccan festivals that takes place in the month of July, and this festival contributes to promoting the meeting between world music and Amazigh art.
Tolerance Ceremony: It is a music festival that aims to promote respect for differences between individuals, support tolerance and peace, and confront all factors of discrimination.
Film Festival: It is a festival that seeks to bring together artists and members of the public from Agadir and all over Morocco, as it forms part of the cultural development of the city.
- Cuisine: The city of Agadir is distinguished by the food it offers, which is based on fishing and harvesting, and other methods.
In conclusion, An earthquake affected the city of Agadir in 1960 AD, which led to its destruction. That is equivalent to a third of the population of Agadir in that year, and caused injuries to about 12 thousand residents, and resulted in the destruction of the homes of 35 thousand people and made them live without shelter.