History of the City of Fez
The foundation of the city of Fez or fes dates back to the 9th century when the city was divided into eastern and western banks. The eastern bank was founded by Idris I in the year 789, while the West Bank was founded by Idris II in 809, then the two banks were united in the 11th century To form a major Islamic city.
The city of Fes is one of the oldest imperial cities in Morocco. The city of Fes was famous and shined in the fields of commerce and science when it was under the rule of the Marinid state in the 13th and 14th centuries. It was also distinguished by its buildings and architecture of palaces, residences, mosques, schools, hotels, and fountains.
The city of Fes was the capital of the Kingdom of Morocco instead of the capital, Marrakesh, during the rule of the Marinids. It is noteworthy that the political capital of Morocco turned to Rabat in 1912, but the city of Fez has maintained its cultural position in the country, as it includes the oldest university in the world, and is registered in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The City of Fez at the moment
The city of Fez is currently divided into 3 sections, which are as follows:
- Fez el-Bali is the ancient Arab city.
- The new Fez, built by the Marinids, includes the royal palace, the military complex, the Jewish quarter, and the commercial district.
- The modern city of Fez with European architecture, which is located near Fez El-Jedid.
The Climate of Fez
The warm Mediterranean climate prevails in Fez. In the spring, the weather is warm and sunny, which is the time when it is recommended to visit the city, as the average temperature reaches 19 degrees Celsius, between March and May, while in the summer it is The weather is hot and dry, from June to August, and in the fall, from September to November, a cheerful atmosphere prevails and suitable for visiting due to the establishment of festivals, and in winter it rains on most days of the month, and the average temperature reaches 12 degrees Celsius, from December to February.
Tourist Places in Fez
There are many sights and tourist places that can be seen in the city of Fez, including the following:
- Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque and University: It is one of the oldest universities in the world. Its construction dates back to 859. It was converted into a mosque distinguished by its buildings, tiles and library available to all, which was renovated in 2016.
- The Batha Museum: The Batha Museum was in the past a palace until it was converted into a museum in 1915. The museum is distinguished at its entrance with a wonderful Andalusian-style garden. The museum also includes distinctive antiques, wood carvings, carpets, in addition to mosaics, ceramics, and more.
- Dar Chouara Tannery: This house is the oldest leather tannery in the world and one of the most famous places in the city of Fez, and special leather souvenirs can be obtained from this place.
- The Bouanania Madrasa: It is an old school built by Sultan Abu Inan in the 14th century. It is distinguished by its large doors and hand-painted walls.
- The tombs of the Marinids: They contain the remains of the structures of the Marinid sultans and princes. In that place, the originality of the architecture and creativity in the construction appears, despite the fading of many decorations and inscriptions with the passage of time.
- Al-Attarin School: Its construction dates back to the period between 1323-1325. It took its name from the Al-Attarin Market, which is located near it. The school was attached to the Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque, which made it enjoy the same distinctive architectural designs.
- Other landmarks in the city of Fez: such as Dar el Makhzen (Royal Palace), the Mellah Quarter, Zalagh Mountain, the North Tower or the Nord Tower (a museum of traditional weapons).