The Berbers in Morocco are an indigenous civilization in northern Africa and sub-Saharan regions, whose existence dates back more than 20,000 years.
The Berbers of Morocco, known as Amazigh, free people, are today descended from nomadic or settled tribes, usually rural, who have experienced numerous invasions.
The Amazigh or Berbers, are an ethnic group of North African origin, settled mainly in Algeria, northern Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, northern Niger, Tunisia, Libya, and the western region of Egypt.
in addition to large immigrant communities living in France, Spain, Canada, Belgium The Netherlands, Germany, and other European countries, most of the amazigh people are Muslims, and it is believed that most of the North Africans are of Berber origin, and more than 30 million North Africans speak the Berber language.
But their number is “Berber-speaking and non-speaking” more Much, and as for their origins, most researchers are of the opinion that the amazigh people are of primary Semitic origin, that is, from the sons of Sam bin Noah, and the history of Berbers in Morocco will be mentioned.
History of Berbers in morocco
The amazigh people are distributed in various parts of the world, but their presence is more concentrated in the northern side of the African continent, such as Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia.
The Berber speakers have large and huge gatherings and are distributed over three large geographical areas, a group of major Moroccan cities, and a number of small desert oases, and the first areas are the eastern and central Rif region in northern Morocco.
Despite the Arabization of the western countryside, the eastern and central Rif retained its Berber language, which is known as Rifiya.
The rural-speaking eastern and central countryside extends over an area of about 40,000 square kilometres and is inhabited by about 4 and a half million speakers of rural Amazigh.
The second region is the Middle Atlas, the East High Atlas, and the Eastern Desert, which is a wide geographically and climatically diverse region that does not overlook the sea, with an area of no less than 70,000 square kilometres, and is characterized by a relatively harsh climate ranging from the bitter cold in the high Atlas Mountains to the dryness of the Eastern Desert. The Zayani Berber-speaking population has about 6 million people.
The third region is the regions of the Souss Plain, the Western High Atlas, the Anti-Atlas, and the southern outskirts of the desert, which are wide and varied regions dominated by a warm climate near the sea, hot in the interior and cold in the Atlas Mountains, and the total area of these regions is no less than 100,000 square kilometres and spread in these regions the Amazigh of the south, known as Shalha or Sousia.
The number of the Berber-speaking population there is about 10.5 million, and the Amazigh people is also spread in all Moroccan cities, but in varying proportions, and is also spread in many oases in the eastern and southern Moroccan deserts.
As for the remaining Moroccan regions, they are either spread in Moroccan Arabic dialect, or in low percentages of the Berber language.
Bearing in mind that the cultural invasion left by France’s occupation of the Maghreb had a significant negative impact on the culture of the peoples, until they entered their languages, as a large number of North Africans use The French language more used than the Arabic or the Berber language.
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Amazigh People and Spread Islam
The history of the Berbers in Morocco, after they entered the true Islamic religion, was distinguished by their unparalleled courage. They were used by princes, caliphs, and leaders as soldiers and commanders of the armies because of their knowledge of the Berbers’ experience in matters of fighting and their equestrianism.
At the hands of Musa bin Naseer, and that he was his master, and Tariq – may God Almighty have mercy on him – was from the Warfjoum tribe, one of the bellies of the Nafza Berber tribe.
The most likely sayings are that he is a rude barbarian, but he has been linked to Arabism and Islam for a long time, as Ibn Adhari mentioned to him two parents in Islam, so his full name is:
Tariq bin Ziyad bin Abdullah, and it appears that he is not the one who converted to Islam first, but rather his father and grandfather who may have He moved to the East, and there Tariq grew up in an Arab-Islamic environment while retaining the Berber dialect of his ancestors.
Then he was enlisted in the army of Musa bin Naseer, and he came with him to Morocco, and he was one of his strongest men. and thus an article has been completed: the history of the Berbers in Morocco.