History of Morocco
The history of morocco has passed from different reigns and that’s what we gonna talk about in this article. and it is a constitutional parliamentary kingdom, whose sons struggled for hundreds of years to obtain political independence from colonial control, and Morocco has gone through many historical transformations because it is one of the places that knew human settlement since ancient times and punished by many rulers and different countries.
the Kingdom of Morocco is one of the Arab countries located in the far northwest of the continent of Africa.
Countries that ruled Morocco:
The Romans ruled Morocco after overcoming the Berber rule in the country, since approximately 40 BC, and Morocco witnessed a state of commercial openness to the countries of the Mediterranean basin, and the Romans left Morocco at the beginning of the fifth century AD.
Islam entered during the Umayyad era, and Nkur was the first state to be independent of the Umayyad rule, as it was following the Sunni sect in contrast to the rest of the other states, and that was in 123 AH or 744 AD.
Barghawat was an independent and powerful Islamic kingdom that ruled the Tamesna region for more than three centuries, and it was able to repel the Almoravid attacks for long periods despite the weaknesses that swept it.
The credit for the emergence of that state and its independence from the Abbasid Caliphate in the East is due to the Berber tribe of Europe, which hosted Idris I, the founder of the state when he fled to it from Mecca and supported him until he was able after taking the city and Leila as his base, including both Fezaz and Tlemcen, and after the assassination of Idris I With the intrigue of the Abbasid Caliph, his son Idris II was able to build the city of Fez and extend his influence over wider areas of Morocco.
In the eleventh century AD, Abdullah Yassin united the tribes of Lamtouna and Jadalah on a religious basis, establishing the Almoravid state and its capital, Marrakesh, and the Almoravids were able to unify the whole of Morocco and some parts of Algeria and Andalusia during the reign of Youssef bin Tashfin.
She is the heir to the Almoravid state, where Al-Mahdi bin Tumart took the Atlas Mountains as his base to organize steadfast tribes to overthrow the Almoravid state, and with the success of the Almohads in that and with their expansion they formed the largest state in North Africa since the Roman era.
It belongs to the Berber tribes of the Zenata tribe who were allies of the Umayyad dynasty in Cordoba. They began their upbringing in eastern Morocco and then ruled Morocco after the fall of the Almohad state and ruled from the thirteenth century to the fifteenth century.
Its origin goes back to the nomadic Bedouins, where it belongs to the Zenata tribe, who are the descendants of the Marinids, who moved from the heights of the Central Maghreb region, which is currently called Algeria, to the Far Morocco, which is currently Morocco, and settled in the countryside, and they ruled after the weakness of the Marinid state.
With the occupation of the Moroccan coastal cities by the Spaniards and the Portuguese, the honorable Saadi group rose to resist them, originating from southern Morocco, and this force that turned into a military succeeded in achieving great and quick victories due to the fragility of the state. which soon collapsed after less than twenty years.
After the demise of the Saadian state, the political conflict lasted for sixty years, during which Morocco was divided into small entities until Moulay Rachid Btafilalet launched a military campaign to unify the country and establish a central authority, and the Alawi sultans continued to rule, creating a new and strong central political system.