About the City of Marrakesh
In summer Marrakech weather is one of the hottest cities in the country. The Moroccan city of Marrakesh is the first imperial city in the history of Morocco, and the most important city among the cities of the central part of it.
It is made of mud and is also characterized by many palm trees that surround it. It is worth mentioning the commercial and tourist importance of this city, in addition to its great historical importance, as it was founded about a thousand years ago, and Marrakesh is divided into two parts, namely: the old town, which It is famous for its historical walls, and the new town represented by my districts; Gueliz, and Hivernage.
History of the city of Marrakesh
Throughout its long history, the city of Marrakesh has gone through many important historical events, the existence of which contributed to 5 major dynasties. It was founded by the first Almoravid ruler, Youssef bin Tashfin, in 1062.
During this period, palm cultivation began, and the construction of many mosques, And the role of teaching the Qur’an, along with the walls that were built to fortify the city and protect it from invasions, and thus Marrakesh became the capital of the state and an important cultural, commercial, and religious center in it. Palaces, and religious buildings in them, and among these buildings: the Koutoubia Mosque.
Marrakesh remained under the rule of the Almohads until the end of the thirteenth century AD, then it was ruled by the Marinids, during whose reign the capital of the country moved to the city of Fez, and in the early sixteenth century the Saadian rule of the country.
as Marrakesh flourished during their reign, and returned as the capital of the state again, and witnessed the construction of The Badi Palace was built by Ahmed Al-Mansour, along with many shrines, and after that, the Alawites ruled this city, who restored its walls and built many mosques in it. At the beginning of the twentieth century, Marrakesh became under French protection, which ended in 1956 when the country gained its independence.
Geography of Marrakesh
Location and area Marrakesh, located in the Kingdom of Morocco, enjoys a strategic geographical location, as it is an intersection point for many major roads, and the meeting point of the northern part of Morocco, with the southern part of it. The central part of the Hawz al-Khasab plain, specifically in the administrative region of Marrakesh-Tensift-al-Haouz, is about 327 km away from the state capital, as it is located on the southwestern side of it.
Marrakesh has located astronomically at the intersection of latitude 31.63 degrees and longitude -8.00 degrees. About 457 m above sea level.
The city of Marrakesh is warm throughout the year, so the relatively dry climate is the prevailing climate in it, but despite the high temperatures that the city may witness, it is not considered a barren land, because it is located on the slopes of the Atlas Mountains, and the monthly rainfall rate reaches in Marrakesh to about 4 mm during the hottest months, and about 31 mm during the wettest period, which extends between two months; January and April, and the following is a simple explanation of the weather in Marrakesh in each season of the year:
- Spring: It is characterized by warm weather in general, as the average temperature in the month of April reaches 25 degrees Celsius, while it rises to 28 degrees Celsius during the month of May, and the average monthly rainfall is; March and April 31 mm, while it decreases to 11 mm in May.
- Summer: It is characterized by hot and dry weather in general, and the temperature is highest during the month; July and August, when it reaches 37 degrees Celsius, and rainfall rates are low in the period between months; June and August, with the lowest percentage in August at a rate of 2 mm, which is considered the driest month in Marrakesh throughout the year, and humidity reaches its lowest level in July, at 44%.
- Autumn: It is one of the most suitable seasons to visit Marrakesh, and is characterized by cold weather during the months; October, November, and the hottest month of September. The average temperature during September reaches 31 degrees Celsius, while it decreases during the month of November to reach 22 degrees Celsius. The average rainfall is 13 mm during September, and 27 mm during November. Season
- Winter: It is characterized by cold weather, and the temperature is at its lowest during the month of January, reaching 18 degrees Celsius, while it rises slightly in November to range around 22 degrees Celsius, and the average rainfall in January is 31 mm.
Demographics of the city of Marrakech
The population of the city of Marrakesh is approximately 988,968 people, and the population growth rate is estimated at 1.31%, according to the statistics of 2019, and given the ethnic composition of the population, the Berbers constitute the largest proportion among the ethnic groups in the country, and as for the languages spoken, Arabic It is the official language of the country, in addition to the Berber language, and English is used in the coastal areas.
while French is taught since the early educational stages, it is considered an unofficial language, and it is worth noting that the language does not constitute an obstacle for visitors to this city, as most of the population has the ability In terms of religion, Islam is the official state religion, and is embraced by the majority of the population of Marrakesh, and therefore it greatly affects the cultural aspect of the city.
Education in the city of Marrakesh
The foundations of education in the city of Marrakesh are based on the French system, and the city provides a free and compulsory education system for everyone from the age of seven to thirteen, and children can join the educational process from the age of four, as students must successfully pass the primary school certificate so that they can later enroll In middle schools, and statistical studies indicate that the literacy rate in Morocco has reached about 50% of the total population of the country, as males outnumber females in that.
The Economy of the city of Marrakesh
The city of Marrakesh contributes greatly to the economy of Morocco, as it has a strong economy based mainly on the tourism sector, as the number of visitors to the city annually reaches more than two million tourists, and it is worth noting that the development of the road network that connects Marrakesh, and each of the airport, The city of Agadir and Casablanca have played an important role in supporting this sector, thus attracting large numbers of investors.
In addition, Marrakech is characterized by the low prices of hotels and residential real estate in it, which has contributed to attracting many people to move to and settle in it, bringing about a comprehensive urban renaissance. It is worth noting that the gold and salt trade caravans contributed to the huge economic growth of this city in the past.
Culture and Art in Marrakesh
The community of Marrakesh is characterized by many social values, rich heritage, and renewed culture through the ages. Marrakesh is a city of art, as it includes many art galleries containing works by artists, painters, and sculptors, in addition to the various festivals that are held in it, such as The Marrakech International Film Festival, the Folklore Festival, and it is also famous for its literary cafes that provide an atmosphere suitable for reading. As for the traditional food in this city, the Tangier dish is its most important characteristic.