Meknes World Heritage Center: One of the 4 Imperial Cities


Moroccan City of Meknes

The Moroccan city of Meknes is an ancient historical city located in the northern part of the Maghreb state in the continent of Africa.

It is about 140 km from the Moroccan capital Rabat to the east, and it rises from sea level about 546 km. It is worth mentioning that its Berber name means warrior, and we will talk about it in This article is in some detail.

Geography of Meknes

Its geographical location is characterized by a moderate climate in summer, and cold in winter, which made it a fertile agricultural wealth that generates huge profits for the country, where there are many cultivations of olive trees, and vineyards that are exported to Europe due to its quality and distinction, as well as its surrounding mountain ranges, such as the favorite Ifrane mountain range. Tourists have it full of gorgeous villas, plus it includes a mountain ski area called Michlifen and Heri.

History of Meknes City

The Moroccan city of Meknes was famous during the time of Moulay Ismail, who equipped the city and made it his capital during his reign that extended between 1672-1727 AD, while its history dates back to the eleventh century when the Almoravid state built it as a military institution, and the city was divided into two main parts. French-European style due to the city’s subjection to French colonialism, and there is the ancient city called Versailles of Morocco, similar to the Versailles of Louis XIV in Paris.

The Area and Population of the Moroccan City of Meknes

The area of ​​the city of Meknes is estimated at about 79,210 km², that is, it occupies about 11% of the total Moroccan territory, while its population is estimated at about one million people, that is, about 73% of the total population of Morocco lives in it, according to the statistics of 1994 AD.

Monuments in the Moroccan city of Meknes

The Moroccan city of Meknes was included on the UNESCO World Heritage List as a unique Moroccan cultural heritage in the world, in 1996 AD during the twentieth meeting of the World Heritage Committee, and certainly, the issue of its inclusion did not come from a vacuum but was a natural reaction to protect its archaeological monuments, Examples of them are the following:

The Old City and its market, the Haboub Gardens, the Knives, museums, and Rwamzin Street.

  • The Zitouna Mosque is the oldest mosque in Morocco that worth visiting and take memorable pictures.
  • Bab al-Mansour Laalj, which was built by Mawla Ismail and completed by his son, Mawla Abdullah in 1732 AD. It is distinguished by its mosaic inscriptions, while it houses the palace of Sultan Ismail Al Alawi in addition to his tomb, and the two mosques of Braima and Sidi Othman, and the University Palace, which is an ancient museum that embraces Moroccan art.
  • Al-Bayda Palace, which was founded by Sultan Muhammad bin Abdullah in the nineteenth century AD, which was turned into a military academy, and has retained its original character and exquisite architecture.
  • Dar Jami Palace, which dates back to 1882 AD, was built by Moulay Hassan I as a residence for his minister, Abu
  • Abdullah al-Jaami. This palace is distinguished by its Andalusian style.
  • Qara Prison, which dates back to the 18th century, has three spacious halls filled with arches and buttresses.
  • The Swani Cistern, which dates back to the 18th century, was built to store foodstuffs such as grain, in addition to containing many wells.
  • The Buanania School was founded by the Marinid Sultan Abu al-Hassan, then completed by his son Abu Anan.

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