The Berbers were one of the oldest inhabitants of Morocco, as they played a great role in morocco history this term extends from the Greek period and refers to groups that do not speak the Greek language.
Morocco extends from the western borders of Egypt to the Atlantic Ocean, and the geography of the countries of the Maghreb is linked to one climate and environmental nature. An abundance of vegetables, and what distinguishes the Maghreb is the availability of the ways of life on which the countries are based, this is what led to the emergence of many countries that followed the rule of Morocco, and this geography was the country of the Maghreb.
Brief of Morocco History
Morocco had historical roots in ancient times before the successive countries that ruled Morocco in the Islamic era. The history of Morocco extended to prehistoric times, and it was carried out by civilizations dating back to the Stone Age period, such as the Acheulean civilization, and what proved the establishment of this civilization was the archaeological discoveries that were from The city of Casablanca, and also the Mousterian civilization in the Middle Stone Age, as well as the development of ancient man in Morocco and moved to a life of agriculture, stability and urbanization in the Neolithic era after its dependence on travel and movement from one place to another.
Islamic Conquest of Morocco
The operations of the Islamic conquest of Morocco began, which paved the way for the establishment of the successful countries that ruled Morocco, and the beginning of the conquest was during the era of the Rashidun Caliphate, and the region of Cyrenaica was opened during the era of Caliph Omar Ibn Al-Khattab, may God be pleased with him, and the companion Amr Ibn Al-Aas also opened Tripoli, and the entire provinces of Tripoli were opened.
Africa in the era of Caliph Othman Ibn Affan, may God be pleased with him, but the movement of conquests that aimed to conquer the Maghreb stopped after the killing of Caliph Othman Ibn Affan, may God be pleased with him, and when the Umayyad state was established in the Levant and its conditions were stabilized, the return to complete the conquest of the Maghreb was, and the conquest was The Islamic Maghreb influenced the entry of the Berbers to Islam, as well as the emergence of the countries that followed the rule of Morocco.
Countries that Succeeded in Ruling Morocco
Human stability and the availability of factors for the establishment of states had a great impact on the establishment of the states that succeeded in the ruling, especially after the Islamic conquest of Morocco, as many states emerged that succeeded in ruling morocco, and the following are the most prominent of these states:
The Idrisid state was one of the countries that successively ruled Morocco, and it is one of the first Alawite states. The Idriss state in Morocco was founded by Idris bin Abdullah bin Hassan bin Hassan bin Ali bin Abi Talib, may God be pleased with them, and the Idrisid state was one of the independent states from the Abbasid state in That period,
The founder of the Idrisid state, Idris bin Abdullah, had an important role in the Alawites revolution that took place in the Hijaz against the Abbasid state, and after the death of the founder of the Idrisid state, Idris I, the rule was given to his son Idris II, but he was a young child who took over his affairs, the guardian of the founder of the Idrisid state, which was one of the countries That successively ruled Maghreb until Idris II grew up and officially took over the rule in 192 AH.
The Rustamiya state was established in the Middle Maghreb at the hands of its founder Abd al-Rahman ibn Rustam, and in this state, the principle of shura was applied, which indicates the spread of justice for them. The city of Tlemcen. The rule of the Rustamians continued until the year 296 AH. The founder of the Rustamiya state, Abd al-Rahman bin Rustam ruled from 144 AH until 168 AH. He was succeeded in ruling by his son, Abd al-Wahhab ibn Abd al-Rahman, who ruled the Rustamiya State, one of the countries that successively ruled Morocco for 20 years.
The pillars of the state of the Aghlabids, one of the countries that successively ruled Morocco, were established by Ibrahim bin Al-Aghlab. Ibrahim bin Al-Aghlab was the son of one of the leaders of the Abbasid army. This commander was given many areas in Morocco. Ibrahim bin Al-Aghlab ruled and had support from the Abbasid Caliph Harun Al-Rashid.
The aim of the Caliph Harun al-Rashid from this is the non-separation of Ibrahim bin al-Aghlab and his independence, as happened in the independent countries from the Abbasid state, and after the death of Ibrahim bin al-Aghlab, Abdullah bin Ibrahim took power in 196 AH. The state of the Aghlabids, one of the successive states that ruled Morocco, continued until it fell at the hands of the Fatimids.
The Fatimid state was one of the countries that successively ruled Morocco. This state was founded by Ubaid Allah al-Mahdi after the elimination of the Aghlabid state. The capital of the first Fatimid state was Kairouan, then the capital moved to Mahdia Tunisia.
The Fatimid state fought many conflicts, including with the Abbasid Caliphate, And the Umayyad state in Andalusia, and after the rule of the Fatimids in Morocco, Al-Mu’izz Li Din Allah the Fatimid decided to extend the borders of his state and rule Egypt, and indeed this was done and the city of Cairo was built by the leader Jawhar Al-Siqilli in 358 AH, and it was the Fatimid state, which is one of the countries that successively ruled Morocco A long history in the region, and there were also many countries that were established in Morocco, but the most prominent countries that succeeded in ruling Morocco were mentioned.
The successive countries that ruled Morocco have left many important monuments that are visible at the present time, and one of the most prominent landmarks in the countries of the Maghreb is the Hassan Tower, which is one of the large mosques that was built during the era of the Almohad state. Due to a strong earthquake in 1755 AD, the mosque is considered one of the evidence of Moroccan civilization, and one of the monuments left by the successive countries that ruled Morocco.